Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Revenue Recognition

Revenue Recognition
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2021
Revenue From Contract With Customer [Abstract]  
Revenue Recognition


Spirit accounts for revenue from contracts with customers in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” which provides that revenue be recognized in a manner that depicts the transfer of goods or services to a customer in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services.  Revenue from contracts with customers is recognized either over time as performance obligations are fulfilled, or at a point in time when control of the goods or services are transferred to the customer.  Spirit’s noninterest income, excluding all of U.S. Small Business Administration (“SBA”) loan servicing fees, gain on sales of loans, net, and gain on sales of investment securities, are considered within the scope of FASB ASC Topic 606. Each category of in-scope revenue streams is discussed below.

Deposit Accounts Core Service Charges

Core service charges on deposit accounts consist of account analysis fees (i.e., net fees earned on analyzed business and public checking accounts) and monthly service fees. The Company’s performance obligation for account analysis fees and monthly service fees is generally satisfied, and the related revenue recognized, over the period in which the service is provided. Payment for service charges on deposit accounts is primarily received immediately or in the following month through a direct charge to customers’ accounts.

Deposit Account Transaction Based Fee Income

Transaction based fee income on deposit accounts consists of variable revenue streams associated with activities which a deposit account holder may initiate on a transaction by transaction basis.  The majority of transaction based fee income arises from interchange revenue received when deposit customers use a debit card for a point of sale transaction over a third-party card payment network.  Interchange revenue is recorded net of related interchange expenses in the month in which the transaction occurs.  

Merchant services income is realized through a third party service provider who is contracted by the Bank under a referral arrangement. Such fees represent fees charged to merchants to process their debit card transactions, in addition to account management fees. The third-party service provider also issues credit cards as private label in the Company's name in exchange for a referral fee.  Fees are earned and recorded in the same period as the referral occurs and the card is issued.

Other transaction based service charges on deposit accounts include revenue from processing wire transfers, issuing cashier’s checks, processing check orders, and renting safe deposit boxes. The Company’s performance obligation related to these service charges is largely satisfied, and related revenue recognized, when the services are rendered or upon completion. Payment is typically received immediately or charged to the customers’ account in the period the service is provided. Safe deposit box rental fees are charged to the customer on an annual basis and recognized upon receipt of payment. The Company determined that since rentals and renewals occur fairly consistently over time, revenue is recognized on a basis consistent with the duration of the performance obligation.

Referral Fees

Spirit utilizes third-party vendors to provide services to the Company and its customers that are not economically feasible to provide on a stand-alone basis.  These services include access to the secondary market for mortgage loans not held for investment and providing interest rate swaps to customers interested in hedging interest rate risk.  In exchange for providing these third-party vendors with new customers, Spirit receives a referral fee.

With respect to mortgage referral fees, the Company’s performance obligation is satisfied when the referred customer closes a mortgage loan with the third-party vendor and payment of the referral fee is typically received immediately.

Swap referral fees are recognized when an existing or new loan customer enters into a swap agreement with the third-party vendor.  Spirit is not a counterparty to the swap, and the performance obligation is satisfied at the time the swap agreement is signed.  Payment of the referral fee is received within three days of the signed swap agreement.

The following presents non-interest income, segregated by revenue streams in-scope and out-of-scope of Topic 606, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:




Three Months Ended March 31,









Non-Interest Income









In-scope of Topic 606









Deposit accounts core service charges









Deposit account transaction based fee income









Swap referral fees









Mortgage referral fees









Non-Interest Income (in-scope of Topic 606)









Non-Interest Income (out-of-scope of Topic 606)









Total Non-Interest Income










Contract Balances

A contract asset balance occurs when an entity performs a service for a customer before the customer pays consideration (resulting in a contract receivable) or before payment is due (resulting in a contract asset). A contract liability balance is an entity’s obligation to transfer a service to a customer for which the entity has already received payment (or payment is due) from the customer. The Company’s non-interest revenue streams are largely based on transactional activity, or standard month-end revenue accruals. Consideration is often received immediately or shortly after the Company satisfies its performance obligation and revenue is recognized. The Company does not typically enter into long-term revenue contracts with customers, and therefore, does not experience significant contract balances. The Company did not have any significant contract balances at March 31, 2021 or December 31, 2020.

Contract Acquisition Costs

In connection with the adoption of FASB ASC Topic 606, an entity is required to capitalize, and subsequently amortize into expense, certain incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer if these costs are expected to be recovered. The incremental costs of obtaining a contract are those costs that an entity incurs to obtain a contract with a customer that it would not have incurred if the contract had not been obtained (for example, sales commission). The Company utilizes the practical expedient which allows entities to immediately expense contract acquisition costs when the asset that would have resulted from capitalizing these costs would have been amortized in one year or less. The Company has not capitalized any contract acquisition costs for the three months ending March 31, 2021 or 2020.